(This change will be in the upcoming v0.10.2 release)
Creating and updating format files for lnav can be a bit tedious and error-prone. To help streamline the process, an integration with regex101.com has been added. Now, you can create regular expressions for plaintext log files on https://regex101.com and then create a skeleton format file with a simple command. If you already have a format file that needs to be updated, you can push the regexes up to regex101, edit them with their interface, and then pull the changes back down as a format patch file.
To further improve the experience of developing with format files, there is also work underway to improve error messages. Many messages should be clearer, more context is provided, and they should look nicer as well. For example, the following error is displayed when a format regex is not valid:
The regex101 integration can be accessed through the new “management-mode CLI”.
This mode can be accessed by passing
-m as the first option to lnav. The
management CLI is organized as a series of nested commands. If you’re not sure
what to do at a given level, run the command as-is and the CLI should print out
help text to guide you through the hierarchy of commands and required
Create a format from a regular expression
regex101 import command can be used to import a regular expression from
regex101.com and create or patch a format file. The command takes the URL of
the regex, the format name, and the name of the regex in the log format (
defaults to “std” if not given). For example, the following command can be used
to import the regex at “https://regex101.com/r/zpEnjV/2” into the format named “
$ lnav -m regex101 import https://regex101.com/r/zpEnjV/2 re101_example_log
If the import was successful, the path to the skeleton format file will be printed. You will most likely need to edit the file to fill in more details about your log format.
Editing an existing regular expression
If you have a log format with a regex that needs to be updated, you can push the regex to regex101.com for editing with a command like (replace “myformat_log”/”std” with the name of your format and regex):
$ lnav -m format myformat_log regex std regex101 push
Along with the regex, the format’s samples will be added to the entry to ensure changes won’t break existing matches. If the push was successful, the URL for the new regex101.com entry will be printed out. You can use that URL to edit the regex to your needs. Once you’re done editing the regex, you can pull the changes down to a “patch” file using the following command:
$ lnav -m format myformat_log regex std regex101 pull
The patch file will be evaluated after the original format file and override the values from the original. Once you are satisfied with the changes, you can move the contents of the patch file to the original file and delete the patch.